Most of the Pu-erh tea areas in Yunnan are arbor species. However, large-leaf species are also divided into group species, clones, and group species are represented by Fengqing species, Mengku species, Menghai species, etc. Different tree species have different aromas.
The results of the Yunnan Tea Research Institute show that soil and climate are the most important factors affecting tea characteristics. In a production area where the soil conditions are relatively consistent, climatic factors are closely related to rivers (humidity), mountains (elevation), and dimensions (temperature). Based on this, the concept of Yunnan Pu-erh Tea’s four major production areas was put forward, forming unique characteristics of each production area.
Yiwu tea Area.
This production area is located south of the Lancang River, including the old six tea mountains including Yiwu Tea Area, Yule, Yibang. Tea here is famous for its fragrant and soft water. It is indeed the hometown of tea.
Menghai tea area.
This production area is located south of Lancang Jiangxi, including Nannuo Mountain, Bulang Mountain, Mengong, Bada, Hekai, Jingmai, etc. in Menghai County. If Yiwu is a tea for women, then the tea in Datong seafood area must be a tea for men. Tea is strong and overbearing, just bitter and tough at the entrance, but it is really good to return to sweetness.
Pu-erh tea area.
The Pu-erh production area is located to the north of the Lancang River, including the Lulu Mountain, Xiaojing Valley, Wuliang Mountain, and Ailao Mountain in Pu-erh City. The taste of tea is relatively flat and mild, and the aroma of tea is obvious. This is inseparable from the local tea making process.
Lincang Production Area.
From the name of Lincang, it seems that it has nothing to do with Pu-erh tea, but we have to admit that Lincang is an integral part of Pu-erh tea. Don’t believe it, because Pu-erh tea’s new arrival in Huadan, Iceland and the past are all from Lincang.
The Lincang production area is located to the north of the Lancang River, including the Linku tea area in Lincang, the Daxue Mountain in Liku (that is, the mountain in which Iceland is located), and the Bangdong tea area. The tea is sweet with bitterness, and the tea fragrance is beautiful in the forest, but it is unique.
It is a unique geographical environment that creates a unique fragrance. This results in different fragrance types in different Pu-erh tea areas.
The aroma of Pu-erh tea areas is also inseparable from the soil, temperature, humidity, sunlight, and altitude of the local tea trees. At the same time, the tea making process can also completely determine the taste and aroma of it. Therefore, craftsmanship is also a factor that cannot be ignored.